Hispanic Youth with Alcohol Abuse

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As more people immigrate into the United States, the need to provide culturally competent nursing care increases. Presently, Hispanics make up the largest and most rapid growing ethnic group in the United States. Studies indicate that drinking patterns associated with Hispanics are different from those of non-Hispanic Whites and other ethnic groups. Although studies show that “Latino Americans are less likely to drink alcohol than their non-Hispanic white counterparts” (Alcohol Rehab Guide), those who do consume alcohol tend to markedly increase the amount in comparison to non-Hispanic whites; this pattern of binge drinking can be defined as having “4 to 5 drinks in a single sitting” (Childmind).

According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the culture-specific variables that affect Hispanic adolescents include the following: how acculturated the adolescents are and the attitudes that they present towards alcohol. However, research show that increasing education in Hispanic adolescents from an earlier age and expanding outreach programs can foster a greater knowledge, thus minimizing the likelihood of alcohol abuse. Ineffective health maintenance related to knowledge deficit of alcohol consumption as evidence by binge drinking

“Acculturation has been linked to an increased prevalence of substance use and related problems among Latinos in the United States” (Acculturation and substance abuse). A few theories suggest the relationship between acculturation and alcohol use, one of which being the general stress model. This theory postulates that an increase in stress related to cultural factors, such as language barriers or facing discrimination, can lead Hispanic adolescents to turn to alcohol as a way to cope.

Another theory posits that because Hispanic youth could be faced with marginalization due to their ethnicity, they adopt alcohol use as a part of their identity to compensate for an ego-identity discomfort. Last but not least, they suggest that “highly acculturated immigrants adopt liberal norms and attitudes toward drinking and drunkenness, as well as positive expectancies about the effects of alcohol” (acculturation). Adding on to this, highly acculturated immigrants are more likely to attend social events in places that serve alcohol, thus increasing their alcohol consumption. In conclusion, understanding these differences can help nurses prevent, intervene, and treat the Hispanic community.

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Hispanic Youth with Alcohol Abuse. (2019, Oct 24). Retrieved from https://papersowl.com/examples/hispanic-youth-with-alcohol-abuse/

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