Does Access to Condoms Prevent Teen Pregnancy?
“Wang, Timothy, Lurie, Mark, Govindasamy, Darshini and Mathews, Catherine. “”The Effects of School-Based Condom Availability Programs (CAPs) on Condom Acquisition, Use and Sexual Behavior: A Systematic Review.”” AIDS and Behavior, vol.22, no.1, 2018, pp.308-320. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5758683/pdf/10461_2017_Article_1787.pdf
The purpose of the article is to examine the effect condom availability programs (CAPs) based in schools have on the acquisition and the utility of condoms as well as sexual behavior among teenagers. In this case, the scholars used a search strategy to identify suitable sources for review. Upon searching for sources in the PubMed database, more than 400 articles were identified but, only 19 of them were used in the research project (Wang, Lurie, Govindasamy and Mathews, 310). Eventually a descriptive analysis was undertaken on all the studies most of which had been done in urban set-ups.
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Based on the study findings, the researchers concluded that the school-based programs had a direct association with sexual behavior of the teens as well as the acquisition and exploitation of condoms. It thereby meant availing condoms in schools, increased the likelihood of an individual to pick and use a condom. Moreover, availing the protection did not increase sexual activity. In fact, at some point sexual activity declined (Wang et al., 317). Notably, providing the contraceptive in learning institutions promotes safe sex and fosters positive sexual behavior.
The goal of the article was to assess the effect of availing condoms in learning institutions had on teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). In the study, Kirby went on to examine the perspectives of different entities, including the American Medical Association (AMA) Council and Tom Coburn the United States Representative. Based on Coburn’s views, distribution of contraceptives in schools only escalates the use of protection, but it does not reduce the rates of STDs and unwanted pregnancy (Kirby). Whereas, the AMA about of the perception that providing condoms in learning organizations reduced instances of unprotected sex. However, it also claimed there was insufficient evidence pointing out that school-based initiatives boosted utility of condoms.
The findings are inconclusive and contradicting. As Kirby states, the differences can be due to aspects such as the amount in the research methods exploited, educational components incorporated in distinct schools as well as the differences in the societies and the needs of students. Other research should also be considered to offer clarity on the subject.
The piece reflects the fact there is substantial need for the distinct policymakers to accept that a significant number of adolescents engage in sexual behavior. Based on the available statistics, 6 out of 10 teenage girls indulge in sexual activities (Planned Parenthood, 1). Therefore, the article advocates the dire need of initiating and funding different schemes and interventions that may help foster responsible sexual encounters among teenagers. In this case, sex education should be offered in a myriad of schools with the aim of preventing unintended pregnancy.
However, the programs should be realistic and even encourage students to abstain until they are old enough. The writer states that, most of these initiatives do not increase sexual activities among the teens as they greatly emphasize on abstaining until marriage. Additionally, the article challenges entities such as insurance companies to change their policies to accommodate the behavior of teenagers. Here, Planned Parenthood suggests for insurance coverage to at least cover contraception among adolescents to decline pregnancy rates (5). Notably, the writing advocates for the significant need of adjusting the behavior of most policymakers in order to boost positive sexual actions among teens.
Committee on Adolescence. “”Condom use by Adolescents.”” Pediatrics, vol. 107, no. 6, 2001, 1463-1469. https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/107/6/1463
The article aimed at exploring the role condoms play in regard to prevention of unplanned pregnancies and STDs. As the Committee on Adolescence depicts, the use of the barrier method of contraception decreases pregnancies and the rate at which adolescents engage in sexual behavior (1463). Nonetheless, the rates of STDs as well as those of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remain substantially high among teenagers. Thus, there is a considerable need to continue with the prevention programs. Clearly, school, medical and community settings should play the role of providing education regarding the use of condoms. In this case, clinical professionals such as pediatricians should actively raise and increase awareness among societies and parents that availing the contraceptive does not encourage teenage sexual behaviors. However, it does decrease the likelihood of getting unintended pregnancies and developing venereal diseases. The progress towards boosting positive sexual behavior among teens is important, but there is still the need to continue focusing on adolescents.
Based on the writing, the United States had encountered major decrease of the birth rates among teenagers. However, among advanced countries, the state still tops the list of teenage pregnancies. Unfortunately, racial and social disparities still exist in teenage pregnancy rates. Girls from disadvantaged families seem to be highly likely of getting pregnant, unlike those from stable families. Nevertheless, contraception education is essential for all teenagers. It is necessary for adolescents to learn that if they must indulge in sexual activities, they can at least make decisions that will barely affect their lives negatively. But they can be told about the situations such as the dual method whereby it is possible for one to exploit two strategies aimed at pregnancy and STD prevention (Committee on Adolescent Health Care, nd). The initiatives should be beneficial in the sense that the options offered are reversible. Considerable research should be done to ensure best alternatives are incorporated in these contraceptive programs.
The writing is an acknowledgement that more needs to be done when it comes to the issue of teenage sexual behaviors. According to the researchers, pregnancy rates have certainly declined over the past decade (As-Sanie, Gantt and Rosenthal, n.d). Overall, the issue is still a significant public health problem as it tends to have considerable consequences on teen mothers together with their families including their infants. Moreover, with considerable rates of unintended pregnancies, the society is affected adversely as well. The research demonstrates, the society incurs around $7 billion to cater to the expenses of teenage mothers which may include medical and housing support (As-Sanie, nd.). Therefore, there should be enhanced contraceptive program which focuses on engaging teens in the community. Also offering counselling is of paramount importance as it makes individuals understand that they are significantly responsible for their sexual behavior. Evidently, the conversation should commence before an individual begins exploring sexual activities and continue past the teenage years.”