Civil Rights Leaders who Changed History
How it works
The civil rights movement happened after the civil war for over 100 years. The civil rights movement was about how colored people wanted to be equal. Colored people weren’t equal because of segregation. Segregation is about how colored and white people had to stay separated at all times. The Civil rights movement happened because of segregation. Segregation started around the 1900’s. Segregation was very terrible for colored people.
Colored people were forbidden to ever mix with white people in public. If colored people ever broke the rules of segregation they would get arrested. For example colored people couldn’t use the same bathrooms, water fountains, restaurants, pool areas bad schools. Colored people couldn’t even share the same cemetery. Another example of segregation is school segregation. School segregation is the act of separating colored people from white people and sending them to seperate schools.
How it works
Rosa Parks was a African American women. She was born on February 4, 1913 in Tuskegee Alabama, she died on October 24, 2005 in Detroit, Michigan. Rosa Parks traveled around the world to support the civil right movement. She married a man named Raymond parks in 1932. She went to a colored school where her mother taught school. Rosa left school when her mother was ill, so that she could take care of her. Rosa was very proud of herself for going back to school and getting her high school diploma. A diploma is a graduation slip. Because Rosa Parks was African American she would have to give up her bus seat for a white person, so they can sit. Rosa Parks was 42 years old when she got arrested for not giving up her bus seat for a white man. Rosa refused to give up her seat, which formed a bus boycott. Rosa also had a $10 fine and a $4 fine in court cost. On december 5, 1955 they had a rally which means a big meeting to organize a bus boycott in montgomery.
A bus boycott is when colored people refuse to ride the bus. The audience wanted Rosa Parks to speak, but the men wouldn’t allow her to. After the rally The MIA, which is the Montgomery Improvement Association formed a carpool taxi boycott so colored people can ride to work and to their home. The cost was the same as the bus ride, 10 cents. Colored people didn’t ride the bus so they walked miles to work and to their home as the empty buses passed by. Because colored people didn’t ride the buses they are making less and less money. Rosa Parks basically started this bus boycott.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta Georgia, he died on April 4, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee because he got shot in the chest with a gun. He won desegregation for colored people and because of that a white man, James Earl Ray, shot and killed him, because he didn’t like that colored and white were equal. Martin lived until he was 41. White and colored people were doing whatever it took to get freedom, including violence, but Martin luther king did not use violence. He used words and peaceful protests like Civil disobedience and Grassroot organization. Grassroot organization is a recent phenomenon. This are defined as the Local Political Organizations, which attempt to influence. He also lead the Montgomery bus boycott. Martin became a major leader in the civil rights movement, he also worked with other leaders to protest for segregation. Martin is known for making the Civil Rights Movement bette for colored. He went to school at Booker T. Washington high school Martin luther king was very religious. He had a very strong relationship with his grandmother. Martin married a woman named Coretta Scott, in june 1953. Martin luther king had many speeches. His speeches inspired people to fight for desegregation. Martin and other civil rights leaders planned a very big event in Washington, August 28, 1963 called “The March in Washington.”
Martin luther king affected the civil rights movement by becoming part of the NAACP. The local branch national association for colored people, Which happened in 1909. The NAACP is the world’s largest Civil Rights organization. The NAACP was formed in New York City by Colored and white activists. Activists are a protesters. He also discussed plans for convincing the colored pollution to join and fight for changes. Martin luther king’s speech was about him having a dream that colored people will be able to do the things they were not allowed to do. His speech is remembered as one of the greatest speeches ever. Part of his speech was about how he wanted his children to be able to do the things they weren’t allowed to. For example, “I have a dream that one day my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin.”
Booker T. Washington
Booker T. Washington was born in 1856, Hales Ford Virginia. He died on November 14, 1915 in Tuskegee, Alabama. He is best known for making the Tuskegee institute. Booker grew up during the civil war times and he had to work for his master at age Five. Booker was a slave. He felt very glad when they freed him from slavery. Him and his family lived in a small wooden room where the children had to sleep on the cold dirty ground. He lived in a shack with his wife. He married three times and had three children. His wives played important parts in the Tuskegee institute. He was the first African to be invited to the white house, because of that the white people were very upset. Booker T. washington learned how to read and write at a colored school for children. In 1872 he decided to travel to Hampton because he wanted to attend the college for colored people. He took a job as a teacher because he loves learning and school.
Booker spent the rest of his life making the Tuskegee institute into a huge, important university. Booker opened the Tuskegee institute to train colored people to work. He was very proud of what his students had accomplished. He believed that hard work and self-help is the keys to success. For example, Some of the jobs the students learned how to do in the tuskegee institute were, agriculture, farming, sewing and constructing. The colored people learned how to do that so they can have a job when they get older. Perhaps his students felt very proud of themselves for working so hard. Booker also came across the National Negro Business league. He really believed that hard work and self help is the keys to success. Because Booker became famous for asking for funds and for being great at dealing with politics, he became a leader in the Civil Rights Movement.
How people helped lead the civil rights movement
Martin Luther King jr. helped lead the civil rights movement be inspiring colored people with his speeches, to help increase the civil right laws. Rosa Parks helped lead the civil rights movement by showing colored people that they can fight for racial equality. Booker T. Washington helped lead the civil rights movement by training colored people for different jobs at the Tuskegee institute, so that colored people can work and have jobs when they get older.