Winston against the Party in the Novel 1984
How it works
In 1984, the main character, Winston Smith goes through moments where he is in need; His needs consist of physiological needs, safety, and security needs, love and belonging needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization needs. Winston is the main character in his novel it follows his around during this time.
In 1984 Winston has his physiological met. These physiological needs include; water, pleasure, and food. Winston had taken up his spoon and was dabbling in pale-colored gravy that dribbled across the table, drawing a long streak out into a pattern Had food always tasted like this? (Pg 59) Winstons is fulfilling a physiological need. He is eating some sort of meal that is in need of gravy. He is also playing in it, while also wondering if that was food was supposed to taste like, most likely in shock of some sort from a recent event. Next, the book explains another event talking about a physiological need, Chocolate normally was dull-brown crumbly stuff that tasted, as nearly as one could describe it, as the smoke of the rubberish fire. But at some time or another, he had tasted chocolate like the piece she had given him. The first whiff of its scent had stirred up some memory which he could not pin down, but which was powerful and troubling.(121) This showed how much of a powerful impact that food had on Winston. Winston explained in great detail the difference in chocolate that he was eating. This quote connected to him physiologically and also opened his mind to recent events from the past. In conclusion, Winston was able to satisfy his physiological needs by completing a sexual act and eating and drinking.
How it works
Next, Winston needs safety and security. In the society this man lives in, he may be in desperate need of safety and security. It is very important for one to feel safe in any given environment. But it was all right, everything was all right, the struggle was finished. He had won the victory over himself.(298) Although necessarily, this may not be a good sense of security, he has found some sort of it. During this time, Winston has been broken and admitted that he loved Big Brother(298). This is an example of him submitting and forcefully finding some sort of security or safety. Next, the Novel speaks about Winston and his sense of safety. Winston kept his back turned to the telescreen. It was safer. In the novel, the telescreen is a spying device the party uses to detect a rebellion or illegal act. Therefore Winston is keeping his back to it because this may help him feel a better sense of security, privacy or safer. Even though all he is doing is packing a bag, turning his back to something that watches his every move makes him feel safe. In conclusion, Winston comes to peace with himself and turns his back to something that catches him do everything to satisfy his needs of safety and security.
Third, Winston shows his love and belonging needs. Winston only truly is in love with one character in the novel, Julia. He shows his love for her while also breaking a party rule (a thought crime). The sexual act, successfully performed. This shows that Winston is fulfilling a need. According to the party it is against the rules to have any sort of affection with your family unless it is to create a child and reproduce. Therefore it’s a little hard to fulfill this need while he still did, This demonstrated how Winston’s love for Julia. Next, Winston further demonstrates his love for Julian when he says, If I could save Julia by doubling my own pain, would I? I would. (238) This demonstrated just how far Winston would go for this girl. Even though he has no current relationship with the girl, he would do anything for Julia. This is true, and an Obvious pointer that Winston has the ability to love. In conclusion, Winston shows his love and need for belonging by showing his absolute love for Julia and furthermore yet again shows that Winston Smith has a heart and can feel love.
Fourth, Winston has Esteem needs/show. Esteem setting is the motivation of the character and how he feels towards his own opinions or himself in general. For example, Winston says in his diary, Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two make four.(249) In the novel, people have little to no power to show their opinions because the party is always right. Winston shows his esteem and lets his opinion out. This shows his determination and understanding of the situation to realize that this isn’t right and that people should have their own say and opinions on such matters. Winston shows his esteem yet again when he is being tortured by O’Brien. How can you control memory? You have not controlled mine! [O’Brien] laid his hand on the dial.(248) According to the party, every citizen is required to live a specific way. Winston here denies that and believes he can change there mind and fight for what is right. He keeps trying while undergoing excruciating pain (the parties way to fix him). In conclusion, Winston shows his esteem by fighting for what’s right and attempting to actually impact the party into being fair no matter the pain he undergoes.
Finally, Winston reaches his self-Actualization. Self-Actualization is when one (Winston) Reaches their full potential to complete a certain task. In the book, Winston fights against the party and that’s whom he wants to be. And if the party says that it is not four but five-then how many? [Winston says] Four The word ended in a gasp of pain, the needle of the dial had shot up to fifty-five.(249) No matter the amounts of pain Winston may go through, he does not want to give up. He fights for the right to go against the party no matter what. This is Self-Actualization, A determined character that will not give up and Knows who he is.