Importance of Education and Racial Equality in America
At a very young age, Thurgood Marshall’s parents really emphasized how important education is and always wanted him to think and learn . This, and with his school making him memorize parts of the U.S. constitution at an early age, set him up to be the ambitious Associate Justice of the supreme court and its first African-American justice(“Thurgood Marshall Biography.”). Here I will be covering what Thurgood Marshall accomplished in his life and how what he did was important for racial equality in America.
Marshall graduated high school in 1926 and in 1930, he tried applying to the University of Maryland Law school but was denied by the school because of his race(Ploscariu, Iemima.). This led to him studying law at a history black post-secondary institution. After he finished law school, he began working for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, or NAACP. While working in this association, he took a case where he defended Donald Murray, a student that was also denied admission by the University of Maryland Law because of his race. Marshall ended up winning this case, which paved the way for more accomplishments in helping to desegregate America.
He went on to win more cases such as Chambers v. Florida in which four black men that were pressured into committing murder by police and Smith v. Allright, where he stopped the custom of white-only participants during the primary elections of certain southern states. The case Brown v. Board of education may be his most famous win out of all of them though. Marshall stated that public education could not be separate but equal because it in itself, was not equal. By the end of this case, the Supreme Court agreed with Marshall and believed that no school in the United States could have segregated public education and that segregated schools violated the 14th amendment and was therefore unconstitutional(Ploscariu, Iemima.).
Marshall ended up serving the Supreme Court for 24 years as a justice and was the first African-American to do so. He claimed that he wanted to keep serving until he was about 110 years old, but was forced to retire in 1991 due to illness and unfortunately passed away in 1993 at the age of 84. Marshall will go down in history as a hero for what he did for the Civil Rights Movement and helping in desegregating America, giving everybody equal rights regardless of their skin color. Thurgood Marshall has played a great role in solving racial inequality during his time.