Impact of Postpartum Care on Women’s Health

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Updated: Nov 17, 2022
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The postpartum care (PPC) involves practices that assist mothers to heal and adjust mainly after the first six weeks of childbirth. During this period, the mother bonds. With the baby while getting a post-delivery checkup from qualified healthcare personnel. The postpartum period remains crucial for women and the infant as it set a strong background for long-term wellbeing and health. During this time, a woman adapts many social, psychological, and physical changes. The aim of offering appropriate care is to enable the mother to recover from childbirth. Adjust to dynamics hormones, and to learn about caring and to feed the newborn. The move also targets to give women an adequate time of excitement and joy for welcoming a newborn. However, in this period, mothers face considerable problems involving fatigue. Difficulties in breastfeeding, sleeplessness, pain, and mental health illness. They may still experience preexisting social and health issues attributed to violence. Substance dependence, and life concerns. At this point, the provision of postpartum care is essential in helping to meet maternal health needs and reducing the severe infant mortality rate. Therefore, this research paper seeks to explain various ways of improving postpartum care to maintain individuals’ wellbeing and eradicate mortality rates.


Mothers act as the primary infants’ caregivers, and hence all related aspects of their health impact infants. And overall health. The World Health Organization (WHO) prioritize on upholding reproductive health. By lowering mothers’ mortality rate following pregnancy and delivery complications. Accordingly, inaccessibility and affordability of desirable and comprehensive healthcare services by some mothers are the main contributors to undesirable health improvement for mothers. As stated by WHO, the provision of relevant postpartum care services is vital to stimulate the decrease of infants’ and mother’s morbidity and mortality rate. Notably, postpartum challenges are viciously cycled in a way that breastfeeding and depression overcomes women leading to exhaustion upon delivery. As such, getting quality postpartum services improves the mother’s social and physical health, as well as infant wellbeing.

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The postpartum infant and maternal mortality rates are increasing at an alarming rate. Especially in developing countries. The situation worsens during the first six weeks. And childbirth but proceeds consistently. In the first year due to pregnancies and delivery complications. The world has reported about 290,000 maternal deaths. Which escalate following provisions of inadequate healthcare services and support in some countries. On an annual basis, an estimate of 3.5 million neonates dies with the first four weeks of life. Projecting to about 41% of overall children deaths, specifically those under the age of five. In most developing countries, one in eight children dies before attaining five years, which portrays it to be seventh higher than the average reported number in developed areas. The fact that most women across the world do not give birth to better health facility pose problems in making plans and implementing postpartum care for mothers and newborns. Failure to visit health facilities following childbirth weakens the provision of quality postpartum care in reproductive and child health plans.

The alignment of postpartum morbidity and mortality exists. But the majority of people neglect boosting the PPC technique to improve infant and maternal health. The rising health concerns for mothers. After childbirth has forced WHO to publish updated PPC guidelines for newborns and mothers currently. The protocol consists of essential details such as timing recommendations, sections of postpartum contacts, and supportive requirements for the first six weeks after delivery. Despite such efforts, many mothers experience poor supportive, defined optimum service delivery. The number of regular visits PPC remains unclear in many countries.

Researches affirm that community engagement in boosting infant. And maternal health through postpartum care is essential. The approach involves the initiation of trained women’s groups participating in learning and action-based practices. The includes individuals in conjunction with health workers play a vital role in providing community home visits in stimulating positive impacts on newborn and maternal health. Several studies stress the need to upgrade PPC services in healthcare institutions and homes through interventions and packages that improve health outcomes. Besides, the consideration of useful knowledge from qualified stakeholders of the health system is equally critical when establishing and designing approaches to improve postpartum care.

The primary objective of designing and assessing interventions of mothers’. First year after childbirth is to determine the gaps in improving the evidenced-based postpartum care. The focus would help in identifying ways of organizing. And offering postpartum services within the operating health system and homecare. After birth, many cultures across the world prescribe recovery and rest days with the mother and the newborn with great support from community and family members. The process dominates postpartum practices such as the provision of traditional foods and proper support that meet daily household tasks. These actions sustain six weeks of postpartum services in the offering of informal and formal maternal support. As such, many women medical specialists are qualified and certified to facilitate each woman to access the necessary social and clinical resources needed to foster the transformation from pregnancy to parenthood successfully.

By improving the women’s and infants’ health, postpartum care needs to remain. An ongoing procedure, rather than a one-time encounter with support and services directed to meeting women’s needs. Studies indicate that there is a broad focus on prenatal women’s health, but postpartum care is late and infrequent. In all cases, the postpartum period should be comprehensive and timely to remain centered on women. For effective outcomes during this period, ideal care should include. An initial assessment tailored at regular interrogation to examine. And address postpartum health issues. The practice comprises of offering ongoing care as required and summarized with comprehensive healthcare visits.


The formulation of this research paper focused on assessment. And analyzing various primary sources that focus on the need to improve postpartum care. Some of the dominant primary sources involve scholarly books. Research articles, and documented interview and questionnaire results consisting of the fundamental knowledge of postpartum care. Mainly, primary sources were selected to acquire first-hand account of actual practices and procedures to improve maternity and child’s wellbeing. All the degrees of postpartum care from healthcare facilities and community level, as well as critical stakeholders, were considered in the study. The analysis also involves the importance of leading stakeholders in boosting the provision of PPC through possible and valid interventions. The recognized study population involved mothers and newborns requiring postpartum care with information obtained from reviewing and analyzing primarily to generate reliable data.

The documenting interviews involved obtaining the perspectives of mothers, midwives, and healthcare supervisors. The data collection and analysis centered on women giving birth within the first year and living in the postpartum period. Both women who gave birth at home and health facilities considered in their need for PPC. The obtained data was presented through a qualitative approach to strengthening understanding of ways of improving postpartum care.

The questionnaires were also formulated and completed at specific home visits for the controlled group of mothers. Each home visit took about two hours and engaged at least three to four qualified midwives. The main focus and content of designed questions were directed to form a clear understanding of the mother’s and infant’s medical file, health condition, physical examination, and ability to recover during the postpartum period. Another critical focus was directed on providing consultation and education regarding the importance of PPC by evaluating the level of mother’s knowledge of the newborn’s unique needs. At the health facility level, there was also a random selection of thirty mothers receiving routine PPC to gain first-hand details about their current situation and ways of improving the needed care.

The maternal home visits for questionnaires were challenging, especially for the first time. For instance, it becomes problematic to persuade mothers and the overall family members to enter their residence. During such visits, identification cards and recommendations were provided to the participants for gaining their confidence. After convincing them and building trust, mothers signed an informed consent form to answer the formulated questions in the questionnaires. The involved mothers were calm, and the questions remained known about the importance of postpartum care and ways of improving varies practices. The researcher-formulated questions remained approved by applying content validation. The selected group was fully informed based on the process of information provision, and an informed consent form followed.

In another methodological approach, observation on the provision of PPC was performed at all levels of health facility and community practice. The observation checklist depended on PPC guidelines provided by WHO, and related primary researched reports. The observation methods helped in determining and accessing the quality of the estimated PPC. Mainly, the checklist consideration involved items associated with the psychological, physical, and medical history of the mother and newborn. The caregivers, mothers, and medical personnel were under observation to examine women’s attendance to PPC visits.

The confirmation of the quality and ways of improving PPC required the consultation of medical experts was necessary to get their suggestions regarding the health issues. The approach aid in understanding specific items to include in PPC for excellent outcomes. After various consultations, the definition and development of PPC need to depend on the WHO checklist to reconsider changes at health centers and community levels.

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Impact of postpartum care on women's health. (2022, Nov 17). Retrieved from