Aristotle in Western History
Aristotle was one of the most important intellectual figures in Western history. He founded formal logic and conceived it for a finished system known as the sum of discipline for hundreds of years. Born 384 B.C.E. in Stagira, Greece, he was an ancient Greek philosopher / scientist, also known as the teacher of Alexander the Great. He is known for many things, but the main reason his work is still recognized as a powerful current in contemporary philosophy is because the majority of everything he said, his theories, research, and beliefs applied then and still apply today. Another reason for why his philosophy was so popular had to do with his father, Nicomachus, the king of Macedonia from 393 B.C.E. to 370 B.C.E. Because Aristotle had royal blood, he was kind of like a celebrity for his time. If it had been a regular citizen, the work might not have been seen or payed attention to. Along with philosophy, Aristotle pioneered the study of biological science, empiric and theoretical, within which a number of his work still remains. Before dying in 322 B.C.E, Aristotle left his most famous values: “Everyone must do philosophy, because even arguing against the practice of philosophy itself is itself a form of philosophizing., and, “The best form of philosophy is the confrontation of the universe of nature; it is for this purpose that [God] made human beings and gave them a godlike intellect. All else- strength, beauty, power, and honour- is worthless(“Aristotle). Tragedy, he says, should contain episodes arousing pity and worry therefore forming a “purification of those emotions. He might’ve meant that observing a tragedy helps individuals place their own sorrows and worries in perspective, due to the fact that in it they observe how catastrophe may overtake even those who appear to be emotionless (“Tragedy). Anagnorisis is interpreted as a moment during a plot or story, precisely a tragedy, when the “hero”, or main character either acknowledges or identifies his/her true nature, recognizes the opposite character’s true identity, and determines the true nature of his situation, or that of the others resulting in the conclusion of the story.It is mentioned by Aristotle within the literary study as an important part of the plot of a tragedy, though anagnorisis happens in comedy and epics. Anagnorisis commonly is an “aha! moment where the truth is revealed, usually an identity, although no one suspected anything different (“Anagnorisis). Hamartia is a fancy word for a tragic flaw. In other words, it’s a defect or disadvantage within the main character of a tragedy, who is regularly lucky or superior when it comes to sticky situations. Aristotle talked about the term nonchalantly within the literary study in describing the tragic hero as a person of “noble rank and nature whose misfortune isn’t caused by atrocity, however by a mistake he brought upon himself (“Hamartia). Peripeteia is the pivotal moment during a drama when the plot moves gradually to its resolution. It is mentioned by Aristotle within the literary study as the shift of the tragic protagonist’s fortune from sensible to dangerous, that is crucial to the plot of a tragedy. it’s usually an ironic twist (“Peripeteia). Hubris is pretty much having too much pride, or enough pride to humiliate or use violence to degrade others and make them feel worthless so that you come out on top. The meaning and context of the word has changed over time, but it hasn’t changed completely. The modern definition is a “presumption that leads a person to disregard the fixed limits on human action in an ordered cosmos(“Hubris). Catharsis is essentially emotional release, in the sense that it “purifies your emotions. It’s a metaphor that Aristotle used to describe the effect tragedies had on the spectators. He says that the overall purpose of tragedy is to induce terror and pity, therefore affecting the catharsis of these emotions. The true definition of the word has been the start of several debates over the centuries.