About Criminal Law
Law is defined as a system of rules and regulations, created, debated, implemented and enforced through federal, state or local enforcement bodies. Note that, laws are enforced by government or social institutions to regulate and govern the behavior of its citizens. Federal, state and local governments operate by use of laws and regulations. Alternatively, laws refer to government or private systems for regulates and ensuring either communities or individuals adhere to the will of the federal, state or local government (Bright-Moore, 2009).
Law may be made at either the local, state, or federal level. For example, the state-enforced laws are made and enforced by single legislators or by collective legislature resulting to statutes. Local laws are made by mayors at the city council levels. At the federal levels, laws are made and enforced by judges through precedent. Note that, private individuals may create legally binding laws such as arbitration agreements which they may use in electing to accept or reject alternative arbitration at the court process. Moreover, creation and enforcement of laws is influenced by the rights encoded, constitution, written or tacit. Law enforcement shapes economics, politics, society and history in different ways thus serving as the mediator of relations among people (Bright-Moore, 2009).
In the previous assignment, the selected politician for the interview was Mayor Mitchell who was forced in to the force after his son Keith Mitchell decided not to run for a 2n term. According to the information obtained from Mayor Mitchel, they’re currently trying to establish: Teen Night Club Law About Gifford SC. Based on the interview findings, the following are the steps through which Teen Night Club Law will undergo before being passed in to law: – Being a mayor, Darnell Mitchell, will begin by putting forth the proposed legislation about Teen Night Club for consideration. At this point, the mayor is expected to file the proposed law or regulation with the Speaker’s Office. The next step involves assigning of the bill by the Speaker’s Office to a sponsor to bring the proposed law/regulation before the Council (Cassedy, 2002).
The assigned sponsor then presents the bill before the Council during the meeting before being referred to the appropriate committee. At this point, the next step involves holding a public hearing for the proposed legislation. Immediately after the public testimony and committee debate the proposed law /regulation bill may be amended. The local committee agrees and sets a date on when to meet to vote for the final version of the proposed law. In case the proposed law is passed by the selected committee, the bill is sent back to the Council for debating and a final vote. Moreover, if the law is passed by an affirmative vote comprising of the majority of Council Members of about 26 members, the proposed law is sent to the Mayor requiring him to hold a public hearing. At this point, Mayor Mitchell decides to sign or to reject the bill. If Mayor Mitchell decides to signs the bill, based on his ideas and thought on the impact of the law to his local people, the bill immediately becomes a local law. Since it’s an implemented law, the Teen Night Club Law About Gifford SC will be centered and the City’s Administrative-Code (Cassedy, 2002).
In some cases, the mayor may decide to reject the bill. If the Mayor rejects the bill, the proposed law is then returned to the City Council using the City Clerk. The major is then required to present valid reasons behind the bill rejection during the next scheduled Stated-Meeting. Referring to the information collected during the interview, after rejecting the bill, the City Council sets 30 days period before meeting to override the Mayoral reject. During the next scheduled meeting, if the City Council re-passes the proposed law by two-thirds of the council members, about 34 members, the bill is adopted and becomes a local law (Cassedy, 2002).
Based on the research findings, I found out that the process of making laws is very critical for federal, local and state levels. Considering the law proposed by the Mayor Darnell Mitchell, Teen Night Club Law, youths will achieve great benefits. Mayor Darnell Mitchell was proposing to enforce the Teen Night Club Law within the Gifford Community in the form of kid’s hip hop club and a library. The teen club was meant to allow teens to be around people of their age and have entertainment to keep them off the streets. Showing kids there are more things to do out here for entertainment is a good thing.
Referring to the analysis above, law making is a complex process whereby debates are held to discuss effectiveness of the proposed law. Before the bill is passed in to a law, it has to be screened out by experts such as judicial and executive members to determine whether the law is useful to the local community or not. Mayors among other law proposers are held responsible for determining who to fund the projects as stated by the proposed laws (Scheb & Scheb, 2011). For example, referring to the interview, Mayor Darnell Mitchell was proposing passing of the Teen Night Club Law whose projects were to be sponsored by grants and community supports such as fundraisers.
By the end of the interview I learned that, the process of law-making factors in all public needs. For example, mayors are required to collect enough information from the public concerning the proposed laws. Moreover, I found out that, passing of youth related laws will have a great impact on the lives of youths who are living in the streets. Considering the law proposed by the Mayor Darnell Mitchell, Teen Night Club, development of kids’ hip hop club and a library will allow teens to be around people of their age and have entertainment to keep them off the streets. The law will help in identifying youths based on their talents thus saving their lives from the streets.
The law-making process learnt during the interview contradicted with my early thoughts about how laws are made and enforced. Initially I never knew whether the City Council is mandated to repass the rejected bill after being voted by about two-thirds of the council members (Scheb & Scheb, 2011). By the end of the interview, I managed to realize that, rejected bills are repassed by being voted in by two thirds of the council members.