Harlem Renaissance and the Jazz Movement
African American culture was greatly enhanced due to the Harlem Renaissance and Jazz movement, leading to a big social, artistic explosion that took place in Harlem New York.
The Harlem Renaissance was a open minded, recreational, and artistic nuke that happened in Harlem harlem, New York, throughout the 1920’s. This timer was known as the “New Negro Movement”, which was named after the 1925 anthology by Alain Locke. The Movement also had the new African-American cultural expressions across the urban areas in the Northeast and Midwest United States affected by the African-American Great migration, of which Harlem was the Biggest. The Harlem Renaissance was Advised to be a resurrection of African-American arts. Though it has was centered it the Harlem neighborhood of the precinct of Manhattan in New York city, many francophone black writers from African and Caribbean colonies who lived in paris were influenced by the Harlem Renaissance.
The northern Manhattan neighborhood of Harlem was supposed to be a higher-class white neighborhood in the 1880s, but to much overdevelopment led to empty buildings and desperate landlords looking to fill them.
In the early 1900s, a few middle-class black families from another neighborhood known as Black Bohemia moved to Harlem, and other black families followed. Some white residents initially fought to keep African Americans out of the area, but failing that many whites eventually fled. Outside factors led to a population boom: From 1910 to 1920, African American populations migrated in large numbers from the South to the North, with prominent figures like W.E.B. Du Bois leading what became known as the Great migration. In 1915 and 1916, natural disasters in the south put black workers and sharecroppers out of work. Additionally, during and after world war 1, immigration to the United States fell, and northern recruiters headed south to entice black workers to their companies.
Harlem Renaissance, a bloom of African American culture, especially in the creative arts, and the most influential movement in African American literary history. Embracing literary, musical, theatrical, and visual arts, participants sought to develop a thought “the Negro” apart from the white stereotypes that had influenced black peoples’ relationship to their heritage and to each other. They also sought to break free of Victorian moral values and materialistic shame about aspects of their lives that might, as seen by whites, reinforce racist beliefs. Never dominated by a particular school of thought but rather characterized by intense debate, the movement laid the groundwork for all later African American literature and had an enormous impact on subsequent black literature and conscious worldwide. While the renaissance was not confined to the Harlem district of New York City, Harlem attracted a remarkable concentration of intellect and talent and served as the symbolic capital of this cultural awakening.
The end of Harlem’s creative boom began with the stock market crash of 1929 and wavered until restricted ended in 1933, which meant white advocates no longer desired out the illegal alcohol in uptown clubs.By 1935 many climatic Harlem residents had moved on seeking work, replaced by the continuous flow of refugees from the South, many needing public assistance. That same year, a riot erupted following the arrest of a young shoplifter, resulting in three dead, hundreds injured, and millions of dollars in property damage, as well as serving as a marker of the end of the Harlem Renaissance.