William Edward Burghardt DuBois Biography
William Edward Burghardt DuBois (February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963) was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, on February 23, 1868. Born to Alfred and Mary DuBois, he was an only child. In his early childhood his parents separated, and he remained with his mother until her death in 1884. He was an American civil rights activist, leader, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, educator, historian, writer, editor, poet, and scholar. DuBois was a man that helped the world in many different ways, he announced the concept of the “Talented Tenth,” a group of the black elite who helped better the lives of less privileged blacks. He strongly believed in higher education for his race, and DuBois went on to become the leading black intellectual of the 19th and 20th centuries. Unloading the difficulty of DuBois’s influence to education is not easy, and for the observer involved in learning more, more about DuBois’s 1903 piece ‘The Talented Tenth.’ In ‘The Talented Tenth,’ DuBois is talking to those college-educated Blacks that are aware for leadership positions in the world. He co-founded the NAACP; was editor of its journal The Crisis; was a leading Pan-Africanist; and wrote many important books including The Souls of Black Folk and Black Reconstruction.
This paper isn’t a biography but how DuBois’s impact on education, W.E.B. DuBois was a great man who earned a suitable introduction. I guess you can say that this is a biography of W.E.B DuBois and how he helped impacted education. DuBois was an exceptional trendsetter, loath to accept the social condition of blacks in the world. DuBois graduate from Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee, in 1888. DuBois continue his education at the highest levels he then become the first African American to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard in 1895. DuBois became a leading African American scholar.
He devoted his career to disputing the notion that people of African descent were somehow inferior to their European-descended counterparts. His most protuberant early work, The Philadelphia Negro: A Case Study was published in 1899. This was, one of the first case studies of a black community, quickly placed DuBois as a leading scholar and academic. DuBois went house to house in black neighborhoods doing personal interviews. He used that data to analyze the social and economic conditions of blacks here in Philadelphia. He’s work was a revolution in allowance as it was the first scientific statistically-based social science study in the U.S. and the first case study of a black community in the United States.
DuBois observes the years after the Civil War and, the Freedmen’s Bureau’s role in Reconstruction. The Bureau’s disappointments were due not only to southern opposition and “national neglect,” but also to mismanagement and courts that were biased “in favor of black litigants.” The Bureau did successfully, and its most important influence on growth was the founding of African American schools. In the end of Reconstruction in 1876, DuBois says “that the most significant event in African American history has been the rise of the educator, Booker T. Washington, to the role of spokesman for the race” (United States History). DuBois claims that Washington’s method to race is counterproductive to the longstanding development of the race. Washington’s reception of segregation and his importance on material progress represent an “old arrogance of change and submission.” DuBois declares that this policy has Blacks by underwriting to the loss of the vote, the loss of civil status, the loss of aid for organizations of higher education. DuBois claims that “the right to vote,” “civic equality,” and “the education of youth according to ability” are important for Blacks to succeed in the world. While DuBois did not follow a career in the K-12 teaching we are so familiar with today, that system might not exist as it does today if it were not for his significant and powerful work in this world today.
DuBois was an respected professor at the University of Pennsylvania and Atlanta University. He became a founding member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, or the NAACP. The NAACP remains today as one of the most influential groups in advocating for the rights of African Americans.
Many of the NAACP’s movements have absorbed on nationwide issues, like the group helped encourage President Woodrow Wilson to deplore lynching in 1918. Other areas of involvement have tangled political action to secure portrayal of civil rights laws, programs of education and public info to win popular support, and direct action to realize exact goals. In 1939 the NAACP recognized as an self-determining legal arm for the civil rights movement the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund, which sued to the Supreme Court Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, the case that caused in the high court’s landmark 1954 school-desegregation decision. The group had also won a noteworthy victory in 1946, with Morgan v. Virginia, which positively barred segregation in regional travel, setting the stage for the Freedom Rides of 1961.
The murder of NAACP field executive Medgar Evers in 1963 gave the group national importance, likely paying to the passage of the Voting Rights Act in 1965. In the 1980s the NAACP exposed opposition to the policies in South Africa. The group moved its headquarters from New York City to Baltimore, Maryland, in 1986. It also functions a bureau in Washington, D.C., and has branch offices in dozens of cities across the United States. At the turn of the 21st century, the NAACP supported movements in contradiction of youth violence, heartened economic initiative among blacks, and led voter energies to upsurge contribution in the political process.