Who was Christopher Columbus?

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Updated: May 05, 2019
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Who was Christopher Columbus? essay

Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonist who completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain. He led the first European expeditions to the Caribbean, Central America, and South America, initiating the permanent European colonization of the Americas. Columbus discovered the viable sailing route to the Americas, a continent which was not then known to the Old World. While what he thought he had discovered was a route to the Far East, he is credited with the opening of the Americas for conquest and settlement by Europeans. Though largely self-educated, Columbus was widely read in geography, astronomy, and history. He formulated a plan to seek a western sea passage to the East Indies, hoping to profit from the lucrative spice trade. After years of lobbying, the Catholic Monarchs of Spain agreed to sponsor a journey west, in the name of the Crown of Castile. Columbus left Spain in August 1492 with three ships, and after a stopover in the Canary Islands made landfall in the Americas on 12 October (now celebrated as Columbus Day). His landing place was an island in the Bahamas, known by its native inhabitants as Guanahani; its exact location is uncertain. Columbus subsequently visited Cuba and Hispaniola, establishing a colony in what is now Haiti the first European settlement in the Americas since the Norse colonies almost 500 years earlier. He arrived back in Spain in early 1493, bringing a number of captive natives with him. Word of his discoveries soon spread throughout Europe.

Christopher Columbus was born in 1451 in a sea town in Italy and began sailing as a teenager. In 1479, he met his brother Bartolomeo in Lisbon. He got married and settled there until his wife died in 1485. After the death of his wife, Columbus and his son moved to Spain. Here he tried to win a grant which would allow him to explore the western trade routes. Columbus believed that sailing west would be a faster way to get to India. He went to Spain’s King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, to talk to them about going westward to India. He asked if they could finance his voyage. They turned him down and sent him to Chinese emperor Zhu Youcheng in 1490.

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Upon Columbus’s arrival to china he was sent to a meeting with the emperor and his chair man. He mapped out an image of the flat earth and explained to the Chinese that there is a faster route to India which was to go around china. He wanted to go in search of riches. The Chinese emperor turned him down and felt that he was a threat to their beliefs he had him thrown in prison. In prison Chinese thief Jinn Woo stole his map and all his belongings and left. The Chinese thieves took the map and made it his own and presented it to the emperor so that he could gain permission to explore on behalf of the emperor and have his funding. The emperor approved of the voyage and sent Jinn Woo to for a crew of his own and sail west through the Canary Islands . The journey through the Canary Islands was exceedingly difficult it was full of African pirates that attacked Jinn Woos ship and his crew and everything except the map. Jinn woo was taken and held hostage by the African pirates. He and his crew were taken back to Africa and healed for ransom from Zhu Youcheng. He was incarcerated for four months before the pirates could get a hold of Zhu. When they finally got ahold of him he said no to the ransom and abandoned the crew and left them for dead. The pirates had to think of a new way to get their money so Jinn Woo saw this as an escape route.

While in prison he started telling stories that would lead him to being rich after he escapes. The word got around to the guards and he started to see the light. He also go his crew to start sharing the stories on how they’ve been to India and there’s lots of riches there. So he said he needed a way out and if they help him then they could all be rich. The pirates heard about this plan and thought that he would be useful for them to get the riches they needed in the ransom. They did just what he wanted, they let Jinn Woo out of prison. They asked if he could take them to India and retrieves the riches and in return he will gain freedom. He said he would take them under one condition and that was if his crew comes along. They said yes to his bribe. They boarded a ship called El Barco. Jinn and his crew came up with a plan. They had to get rid of of the pirates.

Jinn Woo asked the pirates if they wanted to have Chinese food after a long day of sailing. With them never have trying Chinese food they said yes. Jinn Woo cooked castor beans with risin in it and fed it to the pirates. Surprisingly, they were not skeptical about eating food from their prisoners. Shortly after they ate the beans they began vomiting and from there they started dropping like flies. Once they killed off all the pirates, they threw them over board and continued their voyage. By this point they were sailing through the Atlantic where the temperature changed from hot and humid to cold freezing. With limited supplies they used what they could to keep warm and keep fed and hydrated. From the harsh temperatures people began to get sick and that caused people to catch deadly diseases and common colds. They gave them tea to try to cure the illnesses but if that didn’t work, they threw them over board.

Once they captured the ship their first move was to head to india to search for new opportunity and chance. The voyage to india was tough most of the crew died on the way but they made it. Once they arrived to india they discovered people and immediately tried to trade and set up a relationship with the people there. After not long they came to realize that the spices they searched to trade with where not there. They soon came to realize that where they landed was not india but a new land. Jinn woo and his remaining crew members where passive with the new people and kept friendly relationships with them. They maintained a good relationship and eventually became one people all together. Not too long after the Chinese emperor Zhu Youcheng remembered about the request and decided to send voyagers over to trade spices. When his adventurers arrived to the land they though was india they realized it was not that but a land undiscovered. They quickly realized what they had found and sent word to the emperor as soon as possible. Once word finally got to the emperor he decided to send emissaries to deal with the natives of the land and form tight bonds that would bind that land to the Chinese. The Spanish shortly after decided to check out the lead that Columbus had showed them and decided that trades with india would be a good idea and since they still had a copy of the map made by Columbus they decided to go ahead and start the voyage. It was a tough journey as usual and most of the crew on the voyage died. Eventually they did make it to india to trade but they found people that looked like Indians but didn’t have spices to trade and there where also chines people. After trying to reason with each other they came to find out that it was new land. The Chinese and Spanish where trying to deal with each other.

They where arguing about who the land was for the Chinese felt like since their people where the first to arrive there the land should be theirs but the Spanish realized thanks to jin woos explanation that the map used to get there came from Columbus a Spanish man so they felt like it was their land . While all this was happening the natives of the land where dropping like flies from the diseases carried by the Chinese and Spanish. The Chinese and the Spanish skirmished and argued about who would keep the land. Eventually they came to an agreement that since the map was drawn up by Columbus and the voyage was originally planned by Columbus that the right was the Spanish peoples. By the time they agreed to this the majority of the native people had died already. Not too much time passed and people from other countries started to try and colonize in this new land Britain , France, England, and even the Netherlands began to try and colonized in the new land. The all continued their advances to try and gain the most territory.

After quite some time thirteen different colonies where established on their own. The colonies where only around for a short time on their own when around 1775 war between the colonies and Britain broke out because Britain was changing their political standings and their policies. By July 4th,1776 leaders of the colonies made something they called the United States Declaration of Independence. They ended up winning the Revolutionary War and making their colonies into their own country. They soon created a constitution in 1787 to solidify their country and later made something called the bill of rights in 1791 to give the people of the country power and limit the government’s power so this country does not end up like Britain. The country decided that like any other it needed a leader but not like Britain’s king they wanted something different than a monarchy. So they established democracy and decided that they needed a president and at the time the man best fit for this position is the man that led the war to their freedom George Washington.

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Who Was Christopher Columbus?. (2019, May 05). Retrieved from https://papersowl.com/examples/who-was-christopher-columbus/