Supreme Court Issues Brown V. Board of Education
Brown V. Board of Education was a supreme court case where the judge ruled that racial segregation in schools was unconstitutional. As the article states, “separate but equal” is what the judge and non-colored people swear its what’s right. It all started in 1896 when the Supreme Court ruled in favor of Plessy v. Ferguson, where it allows racial segregation to be legal. This decision lead to forbidding African Americans from sharing similar transports, schools, and other open offices as whites—known as “”Jim Crow”” laws. The government and other citizens saw this okay because it was “separate but equal”, but on the contrary this just shows how ignorant people are.
As stated in the article, “ Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.” The government is obviously abusing the power of what the founding fathers meant it to be divided equally or what it’s known as checks and balanced. We can tell that the Judicial branch is abusing its power that trespassed upon states’ rights. Due to the unlawful right and abuse, southern congressman write “southern manifesto” to protest Congress’ ruling on mixing public schools. Within their argument, they bought up the fact that nowhere in the 14th amendment or the constitution does it mention education anywhere. As well as using the 10th amendment, to show the abuse of power and the limitation of the Supreme Court. This forced the Supreme Court to revisit the Brown v. Board of Education case and remake a decision. In the end, they decided to rule in favor of allowing a public school to be equal and ebnd racial integration. In response to the Brown decisions and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored needed to come up with something quickly.
In addition, this leads to the the event known as little rock (1957). This event started off with a group nine African American who enrolled in a all-white High School in Little Rock. These students were: Minnijean Brown, Elizabeth Eckford, Ernest Green, Thelma Mothershed, Melba Patillo, Gloria Ray, Terrence Roberts, Jefferson Thomas, and Carlotta Walls. The president of the NAACP had to make sure that the nine student choose were capable enough to face the challenge ahead. So before the new school year arose, he prepared them. He had a session with each of them, warning and teaching them how to handle hate and criticism. Not everybody loved the idea of them going to an all-white school.
For one, Governor Orval Faubus called in the Arkansas National Guard to block the black students’ entry into the high school. Parents stood outside with signs saying to stay away as well as talking down on them. Every day those brave nine African Americans went down that aisle and faced the hate that was given when it was supposed to be viewed in a positive manner. Later that month, President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent in federal troops to escort the Little Rock Nine into the school.
All in All, this group help prove that was not all that much different from one another. We all thrive to do better education wise and so the color shouldn’t be an issue. These nine showed a significant role in the civil right movement. After all the year of struggle with the cases from various states and the constant decline in their God-given rights, they never gave up. They fought for what they believed in and what was right. No doubt that this accomplishment was a great one. It showed that some people are blinded and it just takes a stand or effort to help them realized what others see.