Separate AND/BUT Equal
What is “Separate BUT Equal”? “Separate but Equal” is racially isolated yet apparently guaranteeing equivalent chances to all races. “In the “Separate but Equal” doctrine adopted in Plessy v. Ferguson , 163 U.S 537, has no place in the field of public education.” “…pursuant to state laws permitting or requiring such segregation, denies to Negro children the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment…” The historical backdrop of the Fourteenth Amendment is uncertain as to its proposed impact on state funded instruction. Now what is “Separate AND Equal” For example, say if you were to argue the separate side in this case then in separate and equal you would be affecting the quality of being also not just the separate or segregation but the quality of things.
Therefore the argument between “Separate BUT Equal” and “Separate AND Equal” have two totally different meanings. It’s insane how the littlest things/words can make such a big difference. For example in the “Separate but Equal” movie, when they are going over the brief for the case on Briggs v. Elliott, Marshall, arguing for the Briggs side, discusses equality but on page 10 of the brief, it switches over to arguing about the segregation and was\ questioned about what exactly he was arguing. Given these two options of either arguing the segregation or equal side they had chose to argue the segregation side of it. In which the Plessy v. Ferguson was a doctrine of stare decisis, so they took precedence over the concept that they believed for around 50 years. Maybe if the Plessy v. Ferguson case was set for “Separate AND Equal” all five of the Brown v. Board of Education cases of not only equality, but also not having segregation.
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Brown v. Board of Education is all five cases, which are Belton (Bulah) v. Gebhart, Bolling v. Sharpe, Brown v. Board of Education (Topeka), Briggs v. Elliott, and Davis v. County School Board. In the movie “Separate but Equal” Marshall had to use all these cases dealing with the re-evaluation of Plessy v. Ferguson. You have two different types of Brown v. Board of Education, one is which the re-argument of another. The Brown v. Board of Education started on December 9 1952- May 17, 1954. All of this is based off of local autonomy, local autonomy is built and after that used to think about neighborhood government frameworks in the United States and the United Kingdom. Neighborhood independence is the capacity of nearby governments to independently affect the prosperity of their natives. And both the movie nor the book, Harper Lee’s Go Set a Watchman, had impacted both people in both writings in a way Where it had changed the lives of colored and white people.
In another context, this decision can also be seen as detrimental to some as integration closed Black schools and left many Black teachers without jobs. This created places where Black and white students went to school in the same physical space but remained segregated within those same walls. Some believe that the better way would have been to not only create an integrated experience but then also make sure that the change was systemic. If each school that went through integration and had Black administrators and teachers who taught white students alongside Black students then Brown v. Board would have been realized 50 years ago.
In the Harper Lee’s book “Go Set a Watchman”, Alexandra, one of the characters from the book tells Jean Louise, “That NAACP’s come down here and filled ‘em with poison till it runs out of their ears”.(Lee 166) To my understanding she is only saying this to create so much tension between them (white) and colored, and the NAACP was also giving bad reviews about the whites. For instance, “A bunch of uppity Yankey Negroes a hundred years’ progress in five”,(Lee 166) , this quote really got me thinking because white people make mistakes too, and they don’t realize that black people are equally humans as them. Now to me I feel as if the book, “Go Set A Watchman”, comes from a white person’s point of view, and the movie, “Separate but Equal”, leans more toward a black person’s perspective. This is why I enjoyed both these writings, because it’s interesting seeing a big part of History come from both sides and knowing and reading what they witnessed, or even what they were feeling.
The reason I feel the movie “Separate but equal” comes from a black person’s mindset is because in George Stevens movie the black students are having to walk at least 5 miles or even more to school. Also if you compare the black schools to the white schools the white schools have air conditioning, new desks, new supplies, and BUSES. On the other hand black schools had NO air conditioning, very old desks, and NO buses to take them to school. To me the “Equal” part of the “Separate but Equal” is not really equal. Which goes back to them arguing the segregation side of it, it would be able to cover both segregation and equality if the doctrine “separate but Equal” was “Separate and Equal”. This would bring a lot of advantages in the Brown v. Board of Education case. Although towards the end I do think that it comes from all people in all ways, because that’s just the way the story is told.
“Go Set a Watchman” Is told in narrated by Jean Louise, who is a white character in the book, so therefore she is unable to fully understand what they had gone through in the past. Even though she does try to she still will not be able to get the full filling, because of her white privileges. To she didn’t have to go through the things that they did 20 years ago. She didn’t go through the eight hours of school in no air conditioning, or the having to walk five plus miles to get to home and back. It is also including the KKK (Klu Klux Klan), which her aunt, Alexandra, is part of.