Racism and Wrongly Conviction
“In this era, prejudice is one of the most critical social issues; it has influenced a large number of individuals around the world, and is one of the most profound social issues ever. Everyday, huge amounts of innocent people are being punished due to the crimes they have not committed. The wrongful conviction occurs when the victims are accused wrongly by the government department. In every criminal case, government departments are included, their final decision to punish culprits based on the crime is made by the jury. Three themes were prominent in the research available on racism and wrongful conviction in America: religious discrimination, racial disparities, and gender biases.
The first theme prominent in my research about racism and wrongly convicted individuals is religious discrimination. In the article Kenneth Einar Himma stated that according to the First Amendment, every individual has the right of freedom to protect their religion but it does not allow extreme cases (218). The contention is this article isn’t simply religious convictions but actions made in the interest of those convictions. It also gives us the freedom to go against the legislation as long as it is for religious purposes. For some individuals, religion strongly influences their attitude in the society. These discoveries demonstrate that the avoidance of religious interest can fill in as a prospective defense strategy for certain individuals. In another paper, Elaine Howard Ecklund talks specifically about Muslims treated negatively in workplaces in the US. She gave the example of Umme-Hani Khan, She was fired from her job because she refused to take off her hijab. In addition, neglect of acceptance for religion diversity between Muslims and Atheists is more likely to occur in the workplaces in the US .
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Furthermore, the second theme is prominent about the racial disparities in the United States. In this paper, Rebecca Stephens talks about the racial disparities in postconviction, that many respondents experience when managing a criminal allegation. It is important to acknowledge the means by which to assess precisely and sanely the weight and validity of the proof against the plea dealings (328). The innocent people are wrongly convicted; This is a characteristic of injustice of plea bargaining because the results are less determined by the evidence and subsequently less based on innocence than a decision that comes from a trial. Whenever an individual uses their postconviction remedies, they usually resort to appellate courts in order to request some change to their conviction. For example, in McCleskey v. Kemp, a black man appealed its conviction citing statistical evidence that proved the existence of racial disparity in death penalty convictions in Georgia. The court decided that this data was not enough to warrant an equal protection claim (Clemons 13). Here we see an example of the court turning a blind eye to the racial disparity in death penalty convictions.
In addition, the third prominent theme of wrongful conviction is gender biases. This includes how people of certain genders are discriminated against in their workplace and political gaps between gender. In the article Joan Y. Chiao talks about how women are unfairly treated in political perspectives of voting rights. He discriminated between man and women in asking “Who would you vote for as a president” (3). He used the experiment of facial judgment task to discriminate between men or women, that who is more attractive and a dominant candidate for US election. The result came up with evidences that men are more powerful. This kind of unfair treatment between gender is clearly demonstrating that women are wrongly convicted because they are being judged and discriminated based on their gender. In another article Jocelyn Elise Crowley stated that mothers are not equally treated in the workplaces because of their pregnancy, period, and unpunctuality during work (193). In the United States today, mothers are given negatives statuses in their workplaces because they refer to a legislative act expressed in negative terms.
In conclusion, people are wrongly convicted in the United States because of religious discrimination, racial disparities and gender biases. The examination of wrongful accusations, which challenge the fairness of criminal equity, is turning into an essential component of criminal justice investigation. The different variations of innocence reforms in the US won’t just lessen these sorts of injustices but will also improve the quality and polish the skills of all sectors of the criminal justice system.”