How Hate Crime Affects on Society
People harmed by hate crimes are more likely to suffer from mental trouble than victims of other crimes.Usually victims of crimes that are bias-motivated are more likely to undergo Post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety than victims of other crimes . Hate crimes are to send messages to victims group that they are unwelcome and threatened in the community victimizing the entire group and lowering feelings of safety(Psychology of Hate Crimes 1 ). Hate crimes are on an extreme form of prejudice made more likely in the context of social and political discourse my devolve members of the unfamiliar groups, and offenders feel that their livelihood or way of life is is threatened by demographic changes(2).”Psychological research has shown that prejudice, stereotyping and discrimination can have adverse effects on both the targets and perpetrators”.Hate crimes re common reactive behaviors sprouted by group based hatred hate crimes are crimes where victims were chosen because of their group identity. (4)Most people who commit hate crimes are not mentally ill in the traditional sense. They’re not diagnosably schizophrenic or manic depressive. What they do share is a high level of aggression and antisocial behavior.””These people are not psychotic, but they’re consistently very troubled, very disturbed, very problematic members of our community who pose a huge risk for future violence,””Childhood histories of these offenders show high levels of parental or caretaker abuse and use of violence to solve family problems, he adds.
A hate crime is said to be any crime against a particular group of people. Hate crimes didn’t just start happening they started centuries ago . The term “”hate crime”” was coined in the 1980s by journalists and policy advocates who were trying to explain a range of events directed at Jews, Asians and African-Americans.One of the most notable is the Nazi’s persecution of the Jewish people.Hitler’s “Final Solution” called for the total annihilation of the Jews and led to building of full scale death camps. This dark period in world history, The Holocaust, resulted in the mass murder of millions of people. In more recent years, the act of genocide, or attempting to obliterate an entire ethnic, racial or religious group, has occurred in both Bosnia and Rwanda.Some historians describe the genocidal victimization of Jewish people. May,1941 the gassing of two million persons between june-july 1941 at the end of 1943. The practice of lynching in America history is perhaps the most obvious evidence of the historical continuity between hate motivated violence in the oast and contemporary hate crimes.Recall that lynching was the most prevalent during brief periods of African-American social and economic prosperity.History also reflects that the birth af numerous rebirths of the Ku Klux Klan was formed during the reconstruction era only two years after the passage of the emancipation proclamation in 1863.
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Over the past five years , the Hate Crime Project at the University of Sussex has investigated these wider impacts of hate crimes looking at simply knowing a victim, ot even hearing about an incident can , can have significant consequences. Many such attacks take place england and Wales ,for example, the number te number of hate crimes recorded by police as ncreased sharply, rising 29% to more thna 80,000 , in 2016-17. Race hate crimes wre mostt common, but victims might also be targeted because of their sexual orientation, rleigion, disability, or because they are transgender.The university used studies from experient and unterivews with a total of mor etan 1000 Muslims and 2000 LGBT people in the UK to investigate the indirect effets of such crimes. One Muslim woman described how she had responded to reports of Islamophobic hate crimes, including the murder of 82-year-old Mohammed Saleem , who was stabbed as he walked home from a mosque in Birmingham.””I do feel vulnerable… and it does affect my behaviour,”” she said.””I become more fearful and avoid going to certain places that I feel might be a risk to my safety. And especially within certain times, I would avoid walking within those areas.””
- Puente, Antonie E. “The Psychology of Hate Crime.” American Psychological Association, American Psychological Association, 2018, www.apa.org/advocacy/interpersonal-violence/hate-crimes.
- Pezzella, Frank S. Hate Crime Statutes: a Public Policy and Law Enforcement Dilemma. Springer Nature, 2017.
- Li, David K. “Hate Crimes in America Spiked 17 Percent Last Year, FBI Says.” NBCNews.com, NBCUniversal News Group, 18 Nov. 2018, www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/hate-crimes-america-spiked-17-percent-last-year-fbi-says-n935711.
- Department of Justice, and Research and Statistics Division. “Victims of Crime Research Digest, Issue No. 4.” Understanding the Community Impact of Hate Crimes: A Case Study, 13 Sept. 2018, www.justice.gc.ca/eng/rp-pr/cj-jp/victim/rd4-rr4/p4.html.
- Brown, Rupert, et al. “How Hate Crime Affects a Whole Community.” BBC NEWS, University of Sussex, 12 Jan. 2018, www.google.com/amp/s/www.bbc.com/news/amp/uk-42622767.”