Gender and Racial Biases Toward Intimate Partner Violence
This study examined the relationship between intimate partner violence with both race and gender biases. The race and gender biases examined in this study were arranged into four categories (Caucasian male, Caucasian female, African-American female, and African-American male). The participants were 54 undergraduates currently enrolled at Columbus State University. These participants were examined by a questionnaire designed using Internal and External Motivation to Respond without Prejudice Scale (Plant & Devine,1998) and images of the four categories, and a Likert scale to measure attitudes (Likert, 1932). The results indicated.
Intimate partner violence has been declared a major public health problem by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2017). IPV and its prevalence leaves lasting effects and threatens the relationships of men, women, and all others affected by its presence, especially children. Intimate partner violence, which is often identified as domestic violence, occurs when a current or former relationship partner displays violence within the relationship once or multiple times; the violence displayed includes sexual, physical, and/or psychological (Smith et al., 2017). An intimate partner describes an individual in a relationship whether it be a same-sex, current, or former relationship (Rennison & Welchans, 2000). Intimate partner violence is not limited to aggression shown through physical contact, but can also be shown through stalking (Smith et al., 2017). Individuals tend to hold biases towards certain individuals they believe will be more likely to engage in intimate partner violence as the victim and the perpetrator. These biases can be centered around the individual’s race and gender. Even though intimate partner violence can be experienced in a relationship regardless of the race and gender of the individuals. For gender biases towards intimate partner violence, males are believed to become the perpetrator. Female perpetrators in intimate partner violence are viewed as having less responsibility than that of a male perpetrator (Feather, 1996). For racial biases, African-Americans are shown as the perpetrator and victim of intimate partner violence. Individuals will show gender and racial biases towards African-American men more than any other group (Caucasian men, Caucasian women, and African-American women).
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Race in intimate partner violence is a topic that is incorrectly perceived as well. One’s perception of race in intimate partner violence often times dictate how the perpetrators and victim are viewed. African-Americans have higher risk factors that would be the cause for being apart of any intimate partner violence, whether it be victimization or being the perpetrators. African-Americans are subjected to intimate partner violence more frequently than Caucasians because African-Americans are at a higher risk due to economic and social disadvantages rather than from a cultural disadvantage African-Americans (West, 2004). Unemployment, poverty, racism, and sexism are some of many factors that caused for African- American men to have a 62% likelihood than Caucasian men to be victimized (Al’Uqdah et. al, 2016).
Our study is asking about the gender and racial biases of individuals towards intimate partner violence through questionnaires. One’s perception of race and gender of others could influence how that individual view intimate partner violence. We predict there would be a difference in racial and gender biases towards intimate partner violence. African-American men will be more likely than others to be viewed as the perpetrator in intimate partner violence.
A limitation of this study would have been the sample. The sample was only collected from current Columbus State University students only. A consequence of this is that the sample size was small, which resulted in power not being reached.
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